Globe Artichoke: 5 Health Benefits + How To Grow And Use Them
Globe artichoke is a perennial that is native to the Mediterranean region. The plant reaches about 1.5 metres and provides fruit (artichoke heads) and leaves that you can use for medicine or tea. It has been consumed as a food source for hundreds of years. The Greeks and Romans ate artichokes to help support their digestion and ensure regular bowel motions. The Egyptians used it to support reproductive ability and conception. We cover everything you need to know about globe artichoke in this blog, including its medicinal uses and how you can use it at home.
Growing globe artichoke from seed can be tricky. If you give it a go, sow your seeds in late winter/early spring in individual pots and keep them inside where it’s warmer. Place them somewhere with lots of light, and once they have about five or six true leaves, you can place them outside to harden off. Then plant them out - usually in early summer. If you have pot-grown plants or rooted sections, known as suckers or offsets, you can plant these in spring or early summer.
The best place to plant globe artichoke is in good, sheltered soil, allowing plenty of space to grow. Globe can be relatively low maintenance, but it is a good idea to water it while flower heads are developing.
In winter, you can cut back the dead parts of the plant and leave the seed heads for the birds. Globe will produce a smaller crop the first year and then more each year as it becomes established. You can divide your plants every few years to revitalise the established plants.
How to use globe artichoke
You can use both artichoke heads and leaves. The edible heads are immature, unopened flower buds which you can eat or use as a decoration. Each large bud has a globe-like shape and is similar to a pine cone, with different layers of dark green leaves that grow at the base of the stem. The leaves are large, spreading and pointed. They are quite soft to the touch and come off a thick, strong stem.
You can eat the fruit (the artichoke heads) and use the leaves for tea or make your own tinctures. The leaves are incredibly bitter, so you don't need a lot! You can use globe artichoke leaves fresh or dry them for future use. Globe is quite fluffy when you dry and crush the leaves, which can be quite surprising.
When to harvest globe artichoke
When harvesting artichoke heads for consumption, choose heads that are dark green and tightly packed. Cut the buds using clippers, leaving 2-3 inches of stem attached. You can harvest in early summer, and it will flower again later in the year (but it will be a smaller crop).
How to prepare and cook globe artichoke
Artichokes are not easy things to prepare! You need to cut off the stem and remove the bottom leaves. Then, cut off the top two centimetres of the artichoke. Snip off the pointy parts of the artichoke leaves to give them flat edges. You can rub a cut lemon all over the artichoke to stop it browning. Once prepared, fully submerge the artichoke in a large container with lemon, lemon juice and ice. Once all the prepared artichokes are ready and immersed in the water, you can cook them.
You can cook artichokes by boiling, steaming, microwaving or roasting them. If you want to roast them, remove the middle centre before you do. Cut the artichoke in half and carefully remove the centre petals and the ‘hairy’ part (a small spoon is excellent for this). Once cooked, you can add them to platters or have a dipping sauce that can go alongside the artichoke as is.
Health benefits of globe artichoke